Snow day


How to quote President Trump

Sometimes, when you’re a professional journalist, you have to decide whether to put “shithole” in a headline.

The answer was yes, on a dreary January day in America, 2018.

Shithole or s—hole?

On Jan. 11, 2018, a day that will live in copy editing infamy, the president of the United States reportedly blurted to a roomful of senators why is it that the U.S. keeps accepting immigrants from “shithole” countries, referring to Haiti, El Salvadore and African nations.

He suggested the U.S. should try to get more immigrants from countries like Norway, whose leader he had recently had a meeting with.

So, for a moment, let’s put aside the discussion of what that quote means in the big picture, how the president should be judged for it if at all, and what it says about his politics and his impulsiveness.

Was it true?

The Washington Post had two sources they were comfortable with and went with the quote. Soon, a tsunami of news sources offered their own confirmations that yeah, that’s what he said, all right.

Associated Press guidance on vulgarities, racial slurs and other rough language is to use dashes when the word is important but not central to the story. When the word is crucial to the story, type it in and hit “send.”

On the cold, dark day of Jan. 11, 2018, the word “shithole” was the story.  You had to put it out there and take the heat.

When to use vulgarities, when not to

If you disagree with me, I fully understand.

Cursing at high volume when the internet goes down on deadline has long been a big part of my working life. Most folks in the newsroom wouldn’t hear me over their own profane shouts as they desperately dialed the extension for IT.

But when it comes to whether to use a vulgarity when you are writing in the voice of the newspaper, website or TV station you work for, 99 times out of 100 I’m going to say, “use the dashes.”

News directors, editors and reporters who cynically feature vulgarities in a headline just to get clicks are far more offensive to me than any word could ever be.

This blog is about choosing the right words – and “shithole” certainly is a word with a great deal of power.

I agree with the compound construction, though you could make an argument that it should be hyphenated because the president used it as a modifier – “shit-hole” countries.

But a shithole isn’t just a certain kind of hole – it’s two words yoked together by violence and harsh intent to mean another thing entirely.

The president’s word choice carries an unsettling connotation that the American people need to know about, so they can pass their own judgement.

And that’s why in this case you put “shithole” in a headline, and not “s—hole.”

President Trump this morning tweeted that he used “tough” language but not that particular word.

It’s up to the reader to decide if that’s the version of the story they believe. May the discussion continue.





Lose: failure to win; Loose: not tight

Choose “loose” instead of “lose” and you look like a goose.

You could get that tattooed on the inside of your arm if you still have trouble telling these apart.

They don’t sound alike. “Lose” has the “z” sound; loose has the “s” sound.

Lose sounds like ooze, booze, shoes. “If you ooze booze, you lose your shoes.”

Loose sounds like goose, noose, moose. “The noose was loose on the goose and the moose.”

Lose is the opposite of win.

Loose is the opposite of tight.

Here’s how you can remember which is which. True science fact: the stupider the mnemonic device, the better it works. If you don’t know what mnemonic means, look it up. I can’t do everything for you.

If you score zero points, you l0se. That one “o” looks like a zero, see?

Loose has those two “Os” and they’re round, so they bounce up against each other and the word wobbles around because it’s … loose.

I told you it was stupid.




How long? How long must I sing this song?

The hill on which I guess I’ll die is the difference between “it’s” and “its.”

I’ve fought this battle for decades. I’m losing and I will always lose, but I’ll fight on, because that’s how crazy I am.

“It’s” means “it is” or “it has.” 

“Its” is the possessive.

“Its’ does not exist. There is no such thing. Never write “its’.” 

Why is this so hard to grasp? Why?

There are still people who don’t know the difference and refuse to learn, which is OK as long as they never write a word as long as they live. But thousands more are  getting paid for writing news, sports and ad copy, inflicting error on the world, spreading disease like a sneeze in an elevator.

I’ve tried for years to make this clear to the news-writing world. I’ve gently informed the fresh-faced journalistic youth of today that “its” is a possessive pronoun, just like “hers, his, yours, ours and theirs.” None of them need an apostrophe, especially not ‘it.”

Did they listen? No.

Nevertheless, I persist.

From the top, one more time.

If you even care, and if there’s a doubt in your mind whether to use that apostrophe or not, and if the concept of ownership eludes you:

Always write “it is” and “it has.” Every single time. Mix them up. Have a ball.

“It is time to go.”

“The dog chased it is tail.”

“It is cold outside.”

“Boxing has lost it is appeal to Americans over the years.”

“Little darling, it has been a long, cold lonely winter.”

“Virtue is it is own reward.”

If it sounds right, leave it.

If it sounds idiotic, replace it with “its.”


Also NEVER write its’. No such thing.